It has been estimated that about eighty percent of the total population of our plant will be centralized mainly in the urban segment around 2050. Considering the present scenario and the population growth percentage we can come to a conclusion that the conventional farming process will not be sufficient to feed this enormous populace across the world. As per the present statistics and based on FAO source it can be said that excepting the inefficient management in some countries the remaining land for cultivation stands to approximately 60% of the total land. Unfortunately this will be inadequate to meet the food necessity of the increased inhabitants.
Here comes the idea of indoor farm housing. Matter of fact indoor farm or a glasshouse production is not a very new idea. We are quite aware of growing different types of herbs, shrubs and some vegetables like beans, peas and tomatoes in interior arrangement and farming. If those ideas can be implemented in broader sense, can we come to any conclusion? Yes, it is absolutely possible by the method of vertical farming. However two factors are to be taken into account that vertical farming should be efficiently constructed so that the operating becomes easier and safe. In a centrally located place of township the vertical farming house should be made in a multistoried construction. The proper implementation of the concept can produce the results like
Increase of huge production to sustain the population growth.
Variety of food production.
An all over implementation of systematic and scientific method.
Cultivation throughout the year.
Eco friendly cultivation.
The greatest advantage of the vertical farming is the certainty in cultivation of crops. Let us have a look to the yearly production and the quantity of damaged crops in different countries all over the world due to the natural calamities. Every year we loss crops in millions of tons due to flood, draught, cyclone hurricane like disasters. Mainly the developing countries are still having lot of shortcomings to fight against such calamities. Unfortunately despite of the fact that agriculture is one of the main occupations of a greater percentage of the people in those developing countries but the precautionary measure to stand against nature is still not up to the standard. The vertical farming can help us a lot to save our cultivated crops and to get the maximum output of it to stand firmly with the growing population.
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